Jhelum River Jhelum rises … Its principal right-bank tributaries are the Shyok, Gilgit, Kabul, Gomal, and Kurram rivers. Just above Mithankot, the Indus receives from Panjnad (Panchnad), the accumulated waters of the five eastern tributaries—the Jhelum, the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas and the Satluj. The Indus River came into the knowledge of the West early in the classical period, when King Darius of Persia sent his Greek subject Scylax of Caryanda to explore the river, c. 515 BC. Answer Key Eligibility, GATE Admit It is an antecedent river. Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference. Recruitment, MPSC Exam Its estimated annual flow is around 243 km3 (58 cu mi), twice that of the Nile and three times that of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers combined, making it one of the largest rivers in the world in terms of average annual flow. The Mughal Emperor Babur writes of encountering rhinoceroses along its bank in his memoirs (the Baburnama). It is also known as Sindhu. The first West Eurasian empire to annex the Indus Valley was the Persian Empire, during the reign of Darius the Great.  In response to the levees construction, the river has been aggrading rapidly over the last 20 years leading to breaches upstream of barrages and inundation of large areas.. The river flows through China(Tibet region), India and Pakistan. After flowing through the spurs of the Salt Range it, Two small streams on opposite sides of the pass, namely, From here it through the plains of Pakistani Punjab to reach Panchnad where it joins the. Tarbela Dam in Pakistan is constructed on the Indus River, while the controversial Kalabagh dam is also being constructed on Indus river. It is home to around 25 amphibian species. Out of its total length of 1,450 km, it flows for 1,050 km in Indian territory. Both protective as well as productive aspects of Forests in Ancient India can be found in the various traditional literary texts like Vedas, Puranas and the great Epics.ests in Ancient India and forestry traditions have been wonderfully documented in the religious literary texts. Engineers Career Group, Qaisar Hafiz - During the 2nd millennium BC, the Punjab region was mentioned in the Rigveda hymns as Sapta Sindhu and in the Avesta religious texts as Hapta Hindu (both terms meaning "seven rivers"). Recruitment, UPSC Exam Can’t thank you enough . Books Topper Recommended, UPSC It originates in Bara Bhangal, District Kangra in Himachal Pradesh and gets hemmed by. The Indus script has a commonly used fish sign, which in its various forms may simply have meant "fish", or referred to stars or gods.. In ancient times, "India" initially referred to those regions immediately along the east bank of the Indus, but by 300 BC, Greek writers including Herodotus and Megasthenes were applying the term to the entire subcontinent that extends much farther eastward.. (Judicial), Power Mind Institute map to sahi bana dete sir. The flow of the river is also determined by the seasons – it diminishes greatly in the winter, while flooding its banks in the monsoon months from July to September. Under this treaty, the waters of the three eastern rivers (the Ravi, the Beas and the Satluj) is assigned for the unrestricted use of India and waters of the three western rivers(the Indus, the Jhelum and the Chenab) is assigned for the unrestricted use of Pakistan. Pattern and Syllabus, TNPSC Interview, UPSC NCERT The Zanskar River, which flows into the Indus in Ladakh, has a greater volume of water than the Indus itself before that point.. – Civil Engineering Course by Engineers Zone, GATE It gradually bends to the south and descends into the Punjab plains at Kalabagh, Pakistan. - Exam Pattern and Syllabus, IES  The variation between the two names is explained by the Old Iranian sound change *s > h, which occurred between 850–600 BCE according to Asko Parpola. Pass JEE Main + Advanced Origin and Mouth of Indus and its Tributaries. IAS, Engineering Career The Indus river originates from a glacier near Bokhar Chu in the Tibetan region in the Kailash Mansarovar range near the Mansarovar Lake. Studies History by Md. NeoStencil is founded by It flows in the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir, then Pakistan Province of Punjab and merges with Jhelum River at Trimmu. PSC, Uttar Pradesh The Indus system is largely fed by the snows and glaciers of the Himalayas, Karakoram and the Hindu Kush ranges of Tibet, the Indian states and union territories of Ladakh and Himachal Pradesh and the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. CGL Recruitment, Notification, Online Application, The ultimate source of the Indus is in Tibet; the river begins at the confluence of the Sengge Zangbo and Gar Tsangpo rivers that drain the Nganglong Kangri and Gangdise Shan (Gang Rinpoche, Mt. Indus River is located in three different countries namely, Pakistan, India and China. Course, Pavan Kumar - GDS Soni - 2018, RRB JE The Indus Basin Irrigation System is the "largest contiguous irrigation system developed over the past 140 years" anywhere in the world. Key, RRB JE Exam Deeply, deeply concerned. PSC - Exam Pattern and Syllabus, Mizoram Their flow varies greatly at different times of the year: the discharge is at a minimum during the winter months (December to February), there is a rise of water in spring and early summer (March to June), and floods occur in the rainy season (July to September).  Going downstream these are soon joined by the golden mahseer Tor putitora (alternatively T. macrolepis, although it often is regarded as a synonym of T. putitora) and Schistura loaches. The river is of Historic, known as Vitasta in ancient times. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window). The Ravi river originates near the Rohtang Pass in Kullu hills in the state of Himachal Pradesh. (SSC/Banking), Rahul Agnihotri The right bank side is also leveed from Guddu barrage to Lake Manchar. Sênggê Zangbo, Senge Khabab) or "Lion's Mouth", a perennial spring, not far from the sacred Mount Kailash marked by a long low line of Tibetan chortens. The river Satluj has cut across the great Himalayan range through a deep gorge. - Class XI JEE Main + Advanced List of important passes given in previous posts, Primary References: NCERT Geography, Govt Website, Indian Geography by Kullar [Amazon and Flipkart]. The Guddu Barrage is 1,350 m (4,430 ft) long – irrigating Sukkur, Jacobabad, Larkana and Kalat. ", 10.1130/0016-7606(2001)113<1039:DOTIFA>2.0.CO;2, "Corona effect: Only Sindhis allowed for Sindhu Darshan Fest", "The Genetic Ancestry of Modern Indus Valley Populations from Northwest India", "Indus Delta, Pakistan: economic costs of reduction in freshwater flow", International Union for Conservation of Nature, "Pakistan's water economy: getting the balance right", "Pakistan's floodwaters welcomed along Indus delta", "River basin development phases and implications of closure", "Integrated Water Resource Systems: Theory and Policy Implications", "Technology Breakthroughs for Global Water Security: A Deep Dive into South Asia", "Global warming benefits to Tibet: Chinese official. The river drains away the area lying between southeastern part of Pir Panjal and the Dhauladhar ranges. It is joined by the Panjnad at Mithankot. Accounts of the Indus valley from the times of Alexander's campaign indicate a healthy forest cover in the region, which has now considerably receded.
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