Part of: The United States in the World (33 Books), Artillery of Heaven: American Missionaries and the Failed Conversion of the Middle East (The United States in the World), The Business of Empire: United Fruit, Race, and U.S. Engaging directly with the expanding Cold War, BPP representatives cultivated alliances with the governments of Cuba, North Korea, China, North Vietnam, and the People's Republic of the Congo as well as European and Japanese militant groups and the Palestinian Liberation Organization. ", "The foreign policy of the Black Panther Party has not received the attention it deserves, and Out of Oakland fills that gap more than ably. For example, the BPP’s ten-point-program showed few signs of a global outlook and Newton himself characterized the group’s members as ‘just plain nationalists’ (p. 59). Founded in Oakland, California, in October 1966 by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale, the BPP began with no more than a dozen members. As Malloy explains, ‘Without formal borders and armed forces to protect them, transnational groups couldn’t offer lasting sanctuary to the BPP or even a reliable venue for hosting visiting Panthers’ (p. 126). This internationalist strain in African American politics was reignited following the Second World War as decolonization swept parts of the Global South and successful revolutions were waged in Cuba and Algeria. Writing at the dawn of the new millennium, historian Peniel Joseph lamented the scholarly neglect of Black Power. Leaders of the National Liberation Front (NLF) and the Provisional Revolutionary Government (PRG) of South Vietnam supported Cleaver in meetings with Algerian officials and negotiated the transfer of the NLF’s headquarters in Algiers to the BPP’s newly formed International Section in September 1970. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. For example, see Anne-Marie Angelo, ‘The Black Panthers in London, 1967–1972: a diasporic struggle navigates the Black Atlantic’, Robin D. G. Kelley, ‘Stormy weather: reconstructing black (inter)nationalism in the Cold War era’, in. Dr Kerry Pimblott, review of Out of Oakland: Black Panther Party Internationalism During the Cold War, (review no. Malloy contends that the Panthers global vision and tangible coalition-building efforts set it apart from other movement organizations and were ‘a major factor’ in the organization’s ability ‘to survive and even grow’ in the face of heightened state repression during the late 1960s and early 1970s (p. 3–4). The ‘Free Huey’ campaign also witnessed the BPP stage diplomatic visits to Japan, Canada, Scandinavia, and Western Europe. Members of the Seattle chapter stage protest at the Washington State capitol in Olympia, February 28, 1969 (photo: Washington State Archives) The Black Panther Party for Self Defense was founded in October 1966 by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale who had met at Merritt College in Oakland, California. Accordingly, one of Malloy’s key contributions is to recover the types of rhetorical and diplomatic labor essential to the realization of international solidarities. In this ‘golden age’ of research on the Panthers (2), scholars have moved beyond traditional top-down accounts of the organization’s national leadership to a focus on the diverse experiences of rank-and-file members in local chapters throughout the United States. Within a few short months, however, the BPP would fracture, leaving Cleaver and the International Section adrift. We want education for our people that exposes the true nature of this decadent American society. This shopping feature will continue to load items when the Enter key is pressed. The Long Durée of the Black Panther Party: A New Reason to Exist; By 1970, the federal government and many state and municipal governments had already escalated the harassment of the BPP to the level of open war, using assassinations, military-style SWAT deployments, undercover operatives, and psychological warfare to dismantle the movement. Indeed, what most struck me while reading this book is the degree to which Sean L. Malloy has crafted a narrative that, while focusing on the transnational dimensions of the Panthers, simultaneously offers a comprehensive and outstanding overview of the party's history writ large. There are 0 customer reviews and 2 customer ratings. This contradicts accounts that have portrayed the organization’s early politics as more local and nationalist in orientation. The California state legislature’s controversial decision to repeal a law that had permitted the public display of loaded firearms was unmistakably aimed at the Panthers who conducted regular armed patrols of law enforcement. Top subscription boxes – right to your door, Black & African American History (Kindle Store), includes free international wireless delivery via, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. … Please try your request again later. USA.gov, The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration The links this ‘anticolonial vernacular’ forged between Black Americans and the Third World were purely rhetorical. In Out of Oakland, Sean L. Malloy explores the evolving internationalism of the Black Panther Party (BPP); the continuing exile of former members, including Assata Shakur, in Cuba is testament to the lasting nature of the international bonds that were forged during the party's heyday. Just fill in your details. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations, Select the department you want to search in. Quote from Joe Street, ‘The historiography of the Black Panther Party’. A new generation of scholars is making use of oral history methods, memoirs, autobiographies, and recently established archival collections to construct detailed historical accounts of the era. According to Malloy, newly enlisted Panthers Emory Douglas, Eldridge Cleaver, and Tarika Lewis stepped into this vacuum, using the Black Panther newspaper as a vehicle for the propagation of an ‘anticolonial vernacular’ that connected the struggles of African Americans in the Bay Area to oppressed peoples across the Third World. Future studies might employ oral history methods to assess whether rank-and-file members and diverse local chapters were similarly impacted by these transformations in the BPP’s international approach. Through an analysis of the writings and activities of the BPP’s national leadership, Malloy tracks the party’s dynamic attempts to forge connections between US-based Black liberation struggles and radical anti-colonial actors in Europe and the Third World. (3) Much of this recent work reflects broader interpretative turns currently underway in Black Power Studies and as such contributes to a fuller sense of the BPP’s antecedents, community programs, gender politics, cultural production, multiracial alliances, decline, and legacy. We want all Black men to be exempt from military service. Focused on local issues, most notably police brutality, the Panthers patrolled their West Oakland neighborhood armed with shotguns and law books. While most historical accounts characterize the BPP’s internationalism as static and ‘unitary’, Malloy offers a more complex portrayal of the party’s ‘evolving and often contested’ engagement with developments in the Cold War era (p. 6). 1-86-NARA-NARA or 1-866-272-6272, Black History Records listed by Record Group Clusters, Black Panthers: Vanguard of the Revolution, The Black Panther Party: Challenging Police and Promoting Social Change, How to File a FOIA Request for Archival Records. Algeria presented similar challenges due to growing American corporate investment in the nation’s oil industry. As the subsequent review shows, Malloy adeptly synthesizes knowledge about the BPP’s domestic operations with insights on the broader geopolitical happenings of the Cold War era. Out of Oakland is a well-researched and engaging study that successfully conveys the significance of internationalism to the BPP’s evolution. Does this book contain quality or formatting issues? Unlike their predecessors, however, Newton and Seale would go on to put these ideas into practice. Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. In Out of Oakland, historian Sean Malloy builds upon this emergent scholarship to perform a systematic, longitudinal study of the BPP’s politics in the global arena.
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